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This instrument is associated with the Cyfarthfa Band, one of the greatest and oldest virtuoso nineteen-century brass bands, founded in 1838 by iron magnate Robert Thompson Crawshay. It was made for the British market, probably in France, and it was imported by Dan Godfrey & Sons. It is a cornet made of entirely of brass, having three top-sprung piston valves (one missing), with nickel-silver buttons, brass disc three-pin guides inside inner casings, and cork bumpers (of these later three, only one of each remain in the complete piston). There is also a double water-key. The bell is severed. Nominal pitch: probably B-flat.

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  • Decorative elements:Stars embossed on knurled valve caps.
  • Inscriptions:Raised silver medallion plate soldered on bell: crowned belt inscribed DAN GODFREY & SONS with central D.G monogram|Stamped on valve casings: 1 2 3
  • Hornbostel-Sachs category:423.232.11 Valve horns with narrow bore, with short air column (less than 2 m)
  • Repository:Cyfarthfa Castle Museum
  • Measurements:Length: 313mm; Height: 145mm; Bell diameter: 121mm; Sounding length: 1090mm + 145mm (bell); Bore at shank receiver: 11.9mm