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Transverse flute

This instrument belonged to Mr. W. J. Payne. It is a side-blown flute made of rosewood in five sections (head, barrel, upper and middle joints, and foot), with nickel-silver ferrules and keywork. It has eight keys in total, mounted in blocks, of which six have saltspoon-cups and two (low C and C-sharp) have pewter-plug-cup keys (i.e. a nineteenth-century type of key in which the pad is a tapered plug of pewter or other soft metal riveted loosely to the key end, and the tonehole is lined with a similarly tapered metal bushing or sleeve that supposedly ensured an airtight seal), all with flat springs attached to keys. The low C and C-sharp keys have overlapping touches. The head is lined with metal and has a wooden cap. The embouchure hole is oval and the fourth and fifth fingerholes are larger. Nominal pitch: C.

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  • Inscriptions:Stamped on barrel, top and foot joint: SIMPSON / LONDON / PATENT|Stamped on middle joint: SIMPSON
  • Hornbostel-Sachs category:421.121.12 Open side-blown flutes with fingerholes
  • Repository:National Museum of the Royal Navy
  • Measurements:Length: 655mm