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Echo cornet

The echo cornet is a duplex instrument, which means that it embodies the characteristics of two different instruments, and the player can choose freely between them. In this case, the cornet is supplied with a fourth piston and a second bell that tappers inversely, as compared with the main bell, thus producing a muted tone. The player could then choose between an "open" or a muted tone almost instantaneously, without having to recur to a separate mute. This example is made of silver-plated brass, having three top-sprung piston valves, with nickel-silver buttons, coiled springs, brass disc pin guides, and cork bumpers. The shorter fourth piston valve activates the muted bell, and it is bottom-sprung with a metal guide pin on bottom of piston. The second bell attachment can be disassembled through a ligature screw ferrule joint. There is a double water-key with single touch and a straight bit. Nominal pitch: B-flat.

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  • Inscriptions:On bell: MEDAILLE / 1RE CLASSE / EXPOSITION / UNIVERSELLE / 1855 (all inside circle) / Médaille (gothic script) / LONDRES 1862 / Exposition Universelle (gothic script) / PARIS 1867 / Médaille d'Honneur (gothic script) / EN ARGENT / ANTOINE COURTOIS / Breveté / FACTEUR DU CONSERVATOIRE NATIONAL / 88.rue Des Marais St. Martin / Paris / 1ER PRIX / GRANDE MEDAILLE D'OR / EXPOSITION DE MOSCOU 1872 / MEDAILLE D'OR PARIS 1878 1889 1900 / CHAPPELL & Co LTD / Sole agents / 50 New Bond Street / London |Stamped on caps and casings: 3 2 1 4
  • Hornbostel-Sachs category:423.232.11 Valve horns with narrow bore, with short air column (less than 2 m)
  • Repository:Museum of Army Music
  • Measurements:Length: 320mm; Height: 190mm; Width: 130mm; Bell diameter: 125mm; Sounding length: 1285mm; Tuning bit: 70mm