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Cornet in A flat

This instrument might be associated with the Cyfartfha Band, one of the greatest and oldest virtuoso nineteen-century brass bands, founded in 1838 by iron magnate Robert Thompson Crawshay. It is a cornet made entirely of brass with three top-sprung piston valves. It has one water key located on the leadpipe bow and a moveable (detachable) lyre holder. Windway direction: the mouthpiece leads into the first valve; the third valve leads into main tuning slide; tuning slide leads to bell pipe. The finger hook is broken and the water-key nipple is missing. Nominal pitch: A-flat.

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  • Inscriptions:Stamped on bell: 28 MEDALS OF HONOUR / F. BESSON / BREVETE / 198 EUSTON ROAD / LONDON|Stamped on shank: 433|Stamped on second valve casing: (inside oval cartouche) BESSON / |Stamped on valve casings: 34 35 36
  • Hornbostel-Sachs category:423.232.11 Valve horns with narrow bore, with short air column (less than 2 m)
  • Repository:Cyfarthfa Castle Museum
  • Measurements:Length (without shank): 310mm; Width: 175mm; Bell diameter: 119mm; Bore: - mouthpiece receiver on shank: 9.4mm; - shank receiver on instrument: 11.6mm; Shank length: 86mm